The President of France, Emmanuel Macron, has nominated Elisabeth Borne, the current Minister of Labor, for the position of Prime Minister, in the context of the reshuffle decided after the presidential election and before the legislative elections.
“The President of the Republic appointed Elisabeth Borne as Prime Minister and gave her the task of forming the government. It is a choice of competence in the service of France “, the Elysée Palace communicated, according to the daily Le Figaro.
Elisabeth Borne served as Minister of Transport, Ecological Transition and Solidarity. Since July 2020, he has been Minister of Labor.
Macron nominated Elisabeth Borne as Prime Minister, the second woman in French history to hold office
She is the second woman to hold the post of Prime Minister of France, after Edith Cresson, in 1991, according to the daily Le Monde, according to Ziarul Financiar.
Emmanuel Macron was re-elected President of France after the second round of voting
The second round took place on Sunday, April 24, 2022. On Monday morning, after counting all the ballots, Macron had 58.5 percent of the vote. His opponent, Marine Le Pen, received 41.45 percent of the vote.
The turnout in the second round of the French presidential election was 72 percent.
Macron stood out as a center-right politician, a supporter of the European Union and France’s role in the organization. Right-wing politician Marine Le Pen has accused Macron of his first term as head of state. In the second round of elections, the left-wing electorate voted for Macron, as expected.
In his first public appearance since the announcement of the preliminary election results, Macron was greeted by his supporters with the flags of France and the EU. Macron said he was looking to fix the “fracture” in French society, referring to the more than 40 percent of French people who preferred to vote for Marine Le Pen.
Macron is re-elected president, Le Pen is preparing for the parliamentary elections
Marine Le Pen announced on Sunday night that she was continuing her political struggle. She is now running for the third time as head of state. Le Pen’s party would have high hopes for parliamentary elections. These are scheduled in France in June 2022. Analysts estimate that the populist wave, represented by Le Pen, is growing in Europe, including France.
Macron is forced to win parliamentary elections to prevent surprise cohabitation with opposing political forces
The first estimate published by the Harris polling institute at the end of April 2022 gives a prediction of 328 – 368 seats in the National Assembly (total 577 seats, absolute majority 289) for the Republic on the Move (LREM, center) and its allies, the small centrist parties Horizons and the Democratic Movement (MODEM).
Following this estimate is the National Reunion (RN, populist right), leader Marine Le Pen and potential allies, Recapture (far right), led by Eric Zemmour and Rise France (sovereign right) led by Nicolas Dupont-Aignan with 75 – 105 mandates, which would be a premiere in the Fifth Republic (established in 1958).
Then follow the Republicans (LR, neo-Gaullist party, center right) leader Christian Jacob with 35-65 seats, Unsupposed France (LFI, populist left), leader Jean-Luc Melenchon, 25-45 seats, Socialist Party (PS), leader Olivier Faure, 20 – 40 seats, Communist Party (PCF), leader Fabien Roussel, 5 – 10 seats, Greens (EELV), leader Yannick Jadot, 1 – 5 seats, Regionalists / various 3 – 7 seats.
In the alliance hypothesis, the estimate is as follows: LREM and allies 326 – 366, RN and right allies 117 – 147, LFI and left allies 73 – 93.
In percentage terms, in the first round the voting intention is as follows: LREM and allies 24%, RN 23%, LFI 19%, LR 8%, Greens 8%, Recapture 7%, PS 5%, PCF 3%.
The voting system is uninominal majority with two rounds. The candidate who obtains the majority of the votes cast (at least 25% of the registered voters) wins in the first round, otherwise a second round is organized in which the candidates who obtained a minimum number of votes of at least 12 have the right to participate. 5% of the total number of registered voters or if they are less than two first two ranked. In the second round, the candidate who gets the most votes is elected deputy, according to g4media.ro.
This way of voting strongly distorts the representation, clearly benefiting the party ranked first in round 1. In this case, LREM and its allies are at an advantage because they can more easily present a single candidate, compared to the right and left opposition which have major dissensions. most recent elections since April 10 and 24.
In the 2017 parliamentary elections LREM and allies won 351 seats (32.3% in the first round), LR and allies 131 seats (21.3%), PS 44 seats (9.5%), LFI 17 (11.03 %), RN 8 mandates (13.2%).
Parliamentary elections will be held on June 12 and 19. In metropolitan France there are 539 constituencies, in overseas territories, departments and communities there are 27, and for French people abroad there are 11 constituencies.
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